In Price Action Trading Strategy

A couple of weeks ago, I posted up a few quick notes in regards to some trend following rules in order to get this blog moving again. Today, I am literally writing a response to a question I received in the comments. Like most questions I get, they are not easily answered in one or two sentences. But because the situation can be so delicate and difficult to navigate, I wanted to explore it further. So let's get on with it:

The question was in regards to whether or not trends will continue or fail when a flag is seen going against them. A lot of traders get hung up on this concept and trapped in what usually turns into a very ugly situation. Here is the chart (copied from last week's post) in question:

Failed 2nd leg in trend

Essentially we have what is commonly regarded as a “bullish” flag created in the backdrop of a more macro, bearish environment. The flag fails, triggering heaps of orders prime for dissection, and the trend continues lower. There is also another example of this happening in the upper left quadrant of this chart (which is also an over and under).

So the mystery: how do we know this flag is going to continue, or fail? There is no cut and dry answer for this, but more than a few tools to help us out. I'm going to cover these in list form, but in no intended order, in an effort to make this easier to understand:

1. Has a macro trendline broken and /or local levels being used as support?

Such a simple question, but for some reason many people either want to ignore it or believe there is some other complex method coming into play. When the flag is created above a more macro trendline breaking, and the flag itself is being supported by a local structure, the directional bias has gone no where.

In the example above, the macro trendline went bust right at the inception of the first drive (shown below). This is very normal behavior and does not mean that a trend is over. In most cases, it simply means that the trend is simply starting to expand. After the initial fanfare goes away (the reason why everyone was selling so aggressively) profits are taken and price relaxes.

macro trendline

And then there is the story of local levels. I always prefer to use local levels in order to assess short term momentum.

A perfect example of this occurred on Natural Gas today (I have been trading it a lot these days due to where I work). Price broke above the more macro trendline and Over and Under support to propel it higher. Note the lack of countertrend rejection after the initial spike (discussed below), and that the movement itself was targeting a spike base.

Natural Gas Technical Analysis

2. Look for condensing flags in the direction of the movement.

Expanding prices tell us that the market is getting “confused”. An opinion is present in both directions. This indecision tends to take time to fan out before a direction is declared. Your “best friend” flags (that point to a second leg) come in the form of condensing channels that drift in the direction of the movement itself. As follows:

EURUSD Condensing channel

Prices shot higher, and immediately started to condense. While being rejected, the local base held up as the peak itself condensed further. Eventually, of course, it broke out to the upside.

This topic can be exhausted in and of itself. You will notice that the condensing channel above is essentially a triple tap that continues trading higher. Triple taps that fail versus those that continue have very distinct characteristics. I've already started writing a post regarding this and plan on getting it up soon.

In a nutshell (as in this case), prices remain condensed. They never expand (break below the lower channel line).

3. Look at the structure leading into it. Was the move itself sharp, or a drifting channel?

This is subtle, but very important. Prices like to exhaust on sharp drives, or what most people would consider to be “aggressive” behavior. Modern quants have amassed fortunes on time-sensitive volatility like this, and a lot of turnover is expected. When prices don't finalize with a sharp drive, they can be completing nothing more than a standard cycle. The chart above has already shown this, where we have a rather parabolic movement leading into an ultimate failure in price.

Volatility is most commonly found in two key places: at the inception, and towards the finale of trends. The first of these (the inception) is more difficult to asses. These “easiest” instance in which you will find this happening is when you have a counter movement leading into the reversal, which is sharp (think V reversal).

In the following example, red “x”‘s mark breakouts in an opposing direction. Blue “y”‘s demonstrate sharp movements that get rejected. Please note that I tried to not get too carried away in marking it up, and omitted anything that would not be considered more volatile.

When looking at this chart, think about what is happening after the “y” spike occurs, and whether it is fading or following the trend. Note that red “x””s that follow blue “y”‘s generally result in easier-to-identify outcomes.

xychart

4. Mind the local structures

Double tops and bottoms escape the radar of many people. I assume this is only because they are widely misunderstood. When seen on a short term basis (and more importantly, in the context of a trend) they tell us a compelling story: Pressure is in the area, and local attempts have a high rate of failure. Highs followed by lower or higher double highs complete a common pattern (which I refer to as square roots, based on their shape alone). When present in flags, these are essentially warning signs that bears are out hunting and ready to keep the macro move rolling along.

Square roots

5. Look for high rates of rejection

Individual bar patterns can also be used appropriately because we are, in essence, still trading a trend. To the left of the chart above, we can clearly see that the market was rejecting these highs with earnest.

I'll use hourly charts to look for high rates of rejection on individual bars. While certainly never the end of the story, they tend to be very absent from moves that ultimately reverse the trend and turn into a second leg. You will notice that in our second chart above (Natural Gas) you're not going to find a high rate of rejection after that first leg higher. And on our second chart, rejections were present, though we experienced condensing drift in the move higher.

Also, I should note here: when these bars get “eaten up” (a close in the tail portion of them) – follow that move. It's not stopping.

6. Finally, what are we bouncing off of?

The market will “trap” the rest of the market in a trend, using older areas of supply and demand as a propulsion zone. In trends (and at the inception of trend reversals) prices like to reject these areas on a consistent basis.

Our old friend the spike base demonstrates this behavior happening over and over again.

1. A heavy injection of supply or demand enters the market.

2. Price starts to consolidate, and fresh pressure enters.

3. That fresh pressure is used as a propulsion point in the future.

Bear in mind that spike bases can be used just as much as targets as they can a point of failure, so trade accordingly. Always be aware that markets are drawn to these like super-magnets.

trapped long positions

The Perfect Storm

In most cases, you're going to find a confluence of factors, in which case you're of course going to want to take action. The tighter prices wind, the more prone they are to a breakout. Just be sure that you're on the right side of it.

In summary, assess your overall environment look at the drift of the move, and whether or not prices are condensing or expanding. Use local structures as well as individual bar patterns to see beyond the uneducated obvious. Gauge your momentum, and you should find yourself in a favorable situation.

And so that will do it for this week. As usual, please post any comments below and give us a hand by sharing this article if you found it all useful.

Thanks and good trading,

Steve

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Showing 19 comments
  • Sean La
    Reply

    Whenever I get any email from you I always know it going to be extremely helpful. Once again, you are right on point , especially with the way the yen keeps moving. Thanks Steve.

    • Steve W.
      Reply

      Thanks Sean and good to see you around!

  • dohertyheath
    Reply

    Maybe this is an example of drifting upward flag last night on the DAX, after it broke the trendline.? I was confused about where it may have gone while watching this flag form, shame I hadn’t ready this article the day before. https://www.tradingview.com/x/g2SclOXB/

    • Steve W.
      Reply

      Hi dohertyheath, That would do it. At first glance the “take-home” with this one was the lack of failure above the spike base (at appx. 9310). The support bounce on the pattern itself after the fact poses other opportunity as well.

  • David
    Reply

    Hey Steve,

    Your last three articles are fabulous!

    • Steve W.
      Reply

      Thanks David. Making an effort to get more up here. Been a very slow year on this site.

  • Wes
    Reply

    Haven’t read this one yet because when it comes to your posts, I study, not read them. Also; thanks to you Steve, I made some nice pips this morning. Worked out nice because I had to shut down right after it reached 2.0. Boy do I wish I could trade the 15 min full time!!

    • Steve W.
      Reply

      I’ve been doing a lot of work on those numbers these days actually. 2.0 I am finding excellent uses for in terms of time (think cycles) as well. Thanks Wes and good to see you.

  • Antony
    Reply

    After 5 years in FX, this site is the only one I keep reading.
    Appreciate Steve.
    Antony

    • Steve W.
      Reply

      Thanks Antony – always good to see the ‘ol timers around here!

  • Ctrader
    Reply

    Steve, great article! You have a great skill for being able to explain things clearly and simply, thank you for sharing. It’s great to be able to recognize the patterns you talk about in any chart (forex, equity, commodity, etc.) and see that they happen over and over again.

    • Steve W.
      Reply

      Hi C, Well that’s good to hear because half the time I feel as though I’m writing less than organized, let’s put it that way. Thanks for dropping the note.

  • Jim N
    Reply

    Steve, i really enjoy your posts. I have been trading a while, losing and breaking even. Your outlook is a breath of fresh air. I am trying to put it all together. I have so many ideas, i am condensing it down to one or 2 strategies. I am starting to get it now though. I am particularly fond of the breaking and retest of trendlines. Thanks for all you do …

  • Aman Arora
    Reply

    That article really expressed the quality of a trader.
    Best One I have found till date.

  • MHussain
    Reply

    Very Nice article to read on. But despite of all these, easy implementation of these thoughts little difficult. We need to more and more simplify entire trading process. Anyway Good job.

  • Ke seeng
    Reply

    You have totally recreate new terminology for trading forex.or it is me has not been using right terminology

    • Steve W.
      Reply

      Just price action. Do it as long as long as I have and you start to notice many, many things :)!

  • Eric Page
    Reply

    Hi, say in pt #5 you mention “Also, I should note here: when these bars get “eaten up” (a close in the tail portion of them) – follow that move. It’s not stopping.”

    Are the bars eaten up the initial bars with overhead wicks which also constitute the Left hand portion the double top?

    Thanks!

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